Baden-Württemberg is to consider charging tuition fees to non-EU students, having carried out a study to find out whether this is possible.
The study, commissioned by the state government of Baden-Württemberg, defined the legislative basis for charging fees to international students. It found that it is possible to charge fees to non-EU students, but that there are important exceptions.
One of those is that Turkish citizens cannot be charged fees, as Turkey has an association deal with the EU under which its citizens benefit from rules on free movement. Baden-Württemberg is home to about half a million Turkish citizens, many of whom are children and relatives of Turkish Gastarbeiter, who came to Germany during the industrial boom of the 1960s and 1970s.