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Historian of UK PhDs dies

Renate Simpson, who chronicled the introduction and development of the PhD as a qualification in the UK, has died at the age of 89.

The Guardian reports that Simpson, a communist refugee from Germany, served on the executive of the National Union of Students in 1942 and funded her own work as a historian.

She published two volumes on the history of PhDs in the UK. The first, released in 1983, examined the introduction of the qualification to Britain in 1917. The development of the PhD and its students in the following 50 years was analysed in her second volume, published in 2009.

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