The European Commission will not implement major aspects of the controversial open-access initiative Plan S—such as making papers openly available immediately—until 2021.
Minutes of a January meeting of EU public authorities published in early April have revealed that the Commission will not fully implement Plan S in the EU’s current R&D programme Horizon 2020. This is despite the Commission being a supporter of Plan S, the initiative having a start date of 1 January 2020 and Horizon 2020 running to the end of 2020.
Instead, full implementation will take place from 2021, when the EU’s next R&D programme Horizon Europe begins. Aspects of Plan S that will not be rolled out until then, the minutes reveal, include requiring immediate open access to papers from funded projects, authors retaining copyright over papers, not financing publication in hybrid journals that combine open access with subscription fees, and demanding open licences for papers.