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Iceland leads on open access

The proportion of scientific papers available for free upon publication in 2011-14 was the highest in Iceland among all Nordic countries, a report has found.

 About 11.5 per cent of scientific papers were available open access in 2011-14 in Iceland, much more than the Nordic and world average of 7.4 per cent, a report comparing research at Nordic higher education institutions has found. Sweden was in second place, with 7.9 per cent of publications available open access. This was followed by Norway at 7.6 per cent, Finland at 6.8 per cent and Denmark at 6.7 per cent. 

The report said that open-access publishing was still in a very early phase in the Nordic countries, even though the share of freely available articles among all publications rose from 0.7 per cent in 1999-02 to 7.4 per cent in 2011-14. The data cover about 15,000 international scientific journals, and only include papers that were immediately made available upon publication—known as the gold open-access model.

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