Craig Nicholson looks ahead at what promises to be a tumultuous year for Europe, with politicians, policymakers and academics bracing themselves for change.
Spring is a distant dream for those still feeling the winter chill. But 2019 already looks certain to be a year of rebirth and renewal for Europe, both politically and scientifically.
The European elections in May will replace at least some of the current crop of 751 MEPs. Assuming the UK does leave the EU, there will be 705 seats to fill, many of which will be reclaimed by re-elected MEPs. But if national elections and political punditry are any guide, the centre will lose ground to parties of both right and left, probably just retaining its loosely-aligned majority.